Small Business Research and Development Programs


The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) programs are research and development programs that are only open to eligible U.S. small businesses. Both programs offer small businesses the ability to collaborate with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) national labs or other partners as subcontractors.

The SBIR/STTR programs have three distinct phases:

  • Phase I explores the feasibility of innovative concepts with awards up to $225,000 over 12 months
  • Phase II is the principal research and development (R&D) effort used for prototype or process (R&D) with awards up to $1,500,000 over two years.
  • Phase III offers opportunities to small businesses to continue their Phase I and II R&D work to pursue commercial applications of their R&D with non SBIR/STTR funding. Under Phase III, Federal agencies may award noncompetitive, follow-on grants or contracts for products or processes that meet the mission needs of those agencies, or for further R&D.

The DOE manages two independent SBIR and STTR programs: the DOE SBIR/STTR Programs Office within the Office of Science and the SBIR/STTR Programs within the Advanced Research Projects Agency –Energy (ARPA-E).

Interested small businesses are encouraged to submit applications that address the specific technology innovations sought by these programs, which span the majority of the Department's mission in areas relating to clean energy, advanced scientific instrumentation and software, and nuclear security. The Department issues over 300 Phase I and 150 Phase II awards annually totaling more than $200M.

Info Description: Small businesses collaborate with labs as a subcontractor.
Coin Cost: Businesses are awarded funds to participate
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