His research focuses on ferroic functional materials and their applications in clean energy and energy efficiency applications. Current research directions include caloric materials, such as elastocaloric materials for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, refrigeration; application and magnetocaloric materials for gas liquefaction; advanced soft magnetic materials, such as high silicon electrical steel for inductors, transformers, and motors; permanent magnetic materials, such as Mn-based, rare-earth-free permanent magnetic materials and rare-earth permanent magnets with high toughness; high temperature anti-ferroelectric capacitor materials; and ferroelastic shape memory alloys. The overall materials development strategy is theory guided high throughput experimentation, utilizing DFT-based computation to identify alloy composition space and combinatorial bulk synthesis and scanning materials characterization techniques to discover, and down-select candidate compositions. He holds joint positions with Ames Laboratory and the Materials Science and Engineering Department at Iowa State University.
Paul C. Canfield, Ph.D., graduated, summa cum laude, with a B.S. in physics from the University of Virginia (Charlottesville) in 1983. He received his M.S. from the University of California, Los Angeles, where he received his Ph.D. in 1990, having researched experimental condensed matter physics. From 1990 to 1993, Dr. Canfield was a postdoctoral researcher at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, working with Drs. Joe Thompson and Zachary Fisk. In 1993, Dr. Canfield joined the Ames Laboratory at Iowa State University (Ames). Since then, he has become a senior physicist in at the laboratory a Distinguished Professor of Physics, at the university, holding the Robert Allen Wright Professorship. Dr. Canfield’s research is centered on the design, discovery, growth and characterization of novel electronic and magnetic materials. He has made key contributions to the fields of superconductivity, heavy fermions, quantum criticality, quasicrystals, spin glasses, local-moment metamagnetism, and metal-to-insulator transitions. Dr. Canfield has helped to educate and train researchers in experimental, new-materials-physics throughout the world, emphasizing the need to tightly couple growth (often in single crystal form) and measurement of new materials. Dr. Canfield is a fellow of the American Physical Society (APS). He was awarded the 2011 Department of Energy Lawrence Award for Condensed Matter Physics. In 2014, Dr. Canfield was awarded the APS David Adler Lectureship Award in the Field of Materials Physics, and was named a Gordon and Betty Moore Materials Synthesis Investigator. In 2015, he received the Humboldt Research Award and he has been awarded the APS 2017 James C. McGroddy Prize for New Materials.
Area of Expertise: Experimental condensed matter physics
Ames Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science National Laboratory managed by Iowa State University, creates materials and energy solutions. With its roots in the Manhattan Project, Ames Laboratory today seeks solutions to energy-related problems of national importance through the exploration of physics, chemistry, engineering, applied mathematics, and materials sciences.
Ames Laboratory accelerates the discovery of new materials and adds value by sharing these materials and its expertise with the scientific community and partners throughout the U.S. and the world. We advance and promote the application of these materials for economic and national security. Through Strategic Partnership Projects, Ames Laboratory enhances our national and economic competitiveness while reducing technical barriers for U.S. industry. We are a top national laboratory in converting science into licensed technologies.
Today, we are addressing the global challenge of critical materials as we lead the Critical Materials Institute, a DOE Energy Innovation Hub. And we are tackling the 100-year-old technology of compressed vapor refrigeration to significantly improve efficiency and reliability through the CaloriCoolTM consortium, part of DOE's Energy Materials Network.
Ames Lab's Materials Preparation Center is recognized by researchers worldwide for its unique capabilities in the purification, preparation, and characterization of rare earths and other materials. We also characterize materials with specialty tools we develop and with world-leading capabilities at our Sensitive Instrument Facility.
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