He received his bachelor's in chemistry from Reed College in 1990, and his doctorate in chemistry from Harvard University in 1996. He specializes in multi-disciplinary problem solving in the physical sciences and their corresponding engineering disciplines. Over his 22-year research and development (R&D) career, he has developed expertise in physical chemistry, chemical kinetics, atmospheric chemistry, instrumentation, electronics (digital, analog, power, and RF), spectroscopic sensing, lasers, fiber optics and wave guides, classical optics, electro-optics, electromagnetics, electromechanical systems, heat transfer, materials science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing processes, and renewable energy technologies.
He has won four R&D 100 Awards, holds numerous patents, has 10 active licenses on his inventions, and given many invited talks on the subject of serial innovation. In 2015, he was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy as its Inaugural SunShot Innovator in Residence. He invented the Radical-Ion Flow Battery under the SunShot Innovator in Residence Program to address the need for low-cost, highly scalable electrochemical grid storage, and the performance limitations of prior art battery chemistries in this demanding application. His current research portfolio is focused on electrochemical grid storage, the elimination of rare-earth magnets in wind turbines, and semiconductor thermal management (power electronics, CPUs, GPUs).
During his career, he has been engaged in a range of research activities on multidisciplinary projects. He has expanded his capabilities beyond materials and analytical chemistry to develop expertise and have impacts in diverse fields beyond his chemistry background. He continues to broaden his career in science, engineering, and data related fields to tackle global issues with novel solutions. His ability to work in non-traditional chemistry research fields gives him an advantage to apply unique solutions to complex problems. This diverse background enables him to bring differing scientists together to solve complex challenges globally. He received a bachelors and PhD in chemistry from University of North Florida and Clemson University.
She is an optical engineer and a principal member of technical staff in the Advanced Remote Sensing Department at Sandia National Laboratories. She obtained her doctorate in optical science at the University of Arizona in 2011. Her research focuses on developing optical remote sensing techniques, technologies, and exploitation algorithms, primarily for the nuclear nonproliferation mission space. She is a Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) On-Site Inspection Surrogate Inspector Trainee in the third training cycle.
He is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and a distinguished member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories, where he has worked since 1993 on problems involving solar energy, water safety and sustainability, heat- and mass-transfer processes in porous media, and microchemical sensor systems for environmental monitoring. Since 2008, he has worked in the Concentrating Solar Technologies Department at Sandia performing research on high-temperature solar thermal receivers, heliostat optics, and systems analyses. He has authored over 200 scientific papers, holds 11 patents, is an author and co-editor of three books, and is the associate editor of Solar Energy Journal. He received an Outstanding Professor Award at the University of New Mexico in 1997, and received the national Asian American Engineer of the Year Award in 2010. He received an R&D 100 Award in 2013 for his development of the Solar Glare Hazard Analysis Tool, and another R&D 100 Award in 2016 for his development of the Falling Particle Receiver for Concentrated Solar Energy. In 2008, he won Discover Magazine’s “The Future of Energy in Two Minutes or Less” video contest.
He received his bachelor’s in mechanical engineering from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1989, and his master’s and doctorate degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 1990 and 1993.
Starting at Sandia National Laboratories in August 2001, he is currently a principal member of the technical staff in Sandia’s Geochemistry organization. His primary role is project manager and overall technical lead on the Crude Oil Characterization Research Study, a 3-year, $10-million project investigating how crude oil properties affect potential combustion hazards during transportation and handling. In that role, he has extensive contact with a broad set of internal Sandia personnel and support organizations, as well as extensive external contact with federal sponsoring agencies in the United States and Canada and industry representatives in midstream oil and gas and associated service companies.
Prior to taking project manager responsibility on the crude oil research work in 2016, he served as a technical lead on the Sandia contract for geotechnical support of the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) in 2004 and focused on understanding and improving methods for sampling, measuring, and modeling crude oil properties and phase behavior in storage and handling applications. He led the technical scope development and aligned customer needs with Sandia capabilities for the $3-million annual project from 2010-2016. He was also principal investigator on numerous analyses and technical reports within the SPR scope during that period.
His first assignment at Sandia from 2001-2004 was as a principal investigator for developing and qualifying a wellbore stability model, which was a component of a larger performance assessment model of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP).
He earned a doctoral degree in photonic devices from the University of Illinois, and has over fifteen years of experience in device design, fabrication and simulation. He is currently in Silicon Photonics, working closely with Sandia’s MESA Fabrication Facility to advance integrated optics and lightwave technologies on-chip. Other research interests include VCSELs, lasers, frequency combs, and RF photonics.
With 23 years of experience in engineering design, safety, and analysis of nuclear and energy systems, he has served as a principal member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories since 1995, as well as a research associate professor at the University of New Mexico since 2012. His key areas of expertise include computational fluid dynamics, turbulence, dimpling, swirl, advanced manufacturing, and heat transfer. He is experienced with gas, water, molten salt, and heavy-water cooled reactors, including large, small, and miniature reactors. His primary technical achievements include right-sized dimpling, the LIKE algorithm, design of advanced fire sprinklers, isotropic turbulence decay model, development of five new vortices, a vortex unification theory, dynamic swirl modeling, and central recirculation zone modulation. He earned a doctorate in nuclear engineering from the University of New Mexico, as well as a doctorate in philosophy and apologetics from Trinity Seminary and College. He earned two master’s degrees in applied mathematics from the University of New Mexico and mechanical engineering from the University of Idaho, and a bachelor’s in nuclear engineering from the University of California - Santa Barbara. He is currently writing an engineering book for the Springer Publishing Company entitled, “Applied Computational Fluid Dynamics and Turbulence Modeling.”