His research program explores the use of nanostructured material architectures for solar energy conversion. From 1996 to 2006, he was a research staff member at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York investigating using polymer self-assembly for fabrication of high-performance semiconductor electronics. During his career, he has also performed experimental research in low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy, single-electron tunneling devices, superconductivity in metal nanoparticles, nanocrystal-based electronic devices, and ferroelectric non-volatile memories. He earned his doctorate in physics from Harvard University and bachelor’s in physics and mathematics from Vanderbilt University. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, a member of the Board of Directors of the Materials Research Society, and a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
He received his bachelor's in chemistry from Reed College in 1990, and his doctorate in chemistry from Harvard University in 1996. He specializes in multi-disciplinary problem solving in the physical sciences and their corresponding engineering disciplines. Over his 22-year research and development (R&D) career, he has developed expertise in physical chemistry, chemical kinetics, atmospheric chemistry, instrumentation, electronics (digital, analog, power, and RF), spectroscopic sensing, lasers, fiber optics and wave guides, classical optics, electro-optics, electromagnetics, electromechanical systems, heat transfer, materials science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing processes, and renewable energy technologies.
He has won four R&D 100 Awards, holds numerous patents, has 10 active licenses on his inventions, and given many invited talks on the subject of serial innovation. In 2015, he was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy as its Inaugural SunShot Innovator in Residence. He invented the Radical-Ion Flow Battery under the SunShot Innovator in Residence Program to address the need for low-cost, highly scalable electrochemical grid storage, and the performance limitations of prior art battery chemistries in this demanding application. His current research portfolio is focused on electrochemical grid storage, the elimination of rare-earth magnets in wind turbines, and semiconductor thermal management (power electronics, CPUs, GPUs).
He has over 30 years of experience in the materials science field. Since joining Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in 1993, his work focused primarily on the development and characterization of electrical ceramic materials and the development of fabrication techniques for devices based on those materials, including solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and gas separation membranes. At present, his primary responsibility is leadership of PNNL’s SOFC materials development activities. In this role, he directs work in several areas, including cathode and anode materials, alloy interconnect materials, protective coatings for alloy interconnects, contact and sealing materials for SOFC stacks, and cost-effective cell fabrication techniques.
He is a distinguished scientist at Idaho National Laboratory in areas of processing, characterization, and analysis of novel material systems for both nuclear and non-nuclear applications, including materials for use in high-temperature, space, irradiation, and other extreme environments. He is the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) technical lead for the DOE Advanced Reactor Technology Graphite Research and Development program, responsible for thermo-mechanical testing of nonirradiated and irradiated graphite and composites, development of test standards and code case development for determining material properties of nuclear graphite and composites. He holds a doctorate in materials science and engineering from University of Idaho, a master’s degree in nuclear engineering from University of Illinois, and a bachelor’s degree in nuclear engineering from University of California at Santa Barbara.
He is a senior staff scientist and team lead for materials processing within the Applied Materials and Performance Group at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. His research focus is on the formability, joining, and manufacturing of materials for industrial applications, and in the development of new solid state joining and processing technologies for advanced materials for future energy applications, including vehicle technologies, power generation, hydrocarbon, and chemical transport and processing. He has been researching and developing Friction Stir Welding and Processing at the lab since 1997. He currently leads a portfolio of projects investigating Friction Stir Joining and Processing as a new manufacturing technology and programs in solid-state compaction and processing of new materials for high temperature and high-performance applications. He has over 25 publications on solid state joining and processing, more than 30 years’ experience in the microstructural and mechanical characterization of materials, and in the exploration of process/property relationships.
During his career, he has been engaged in a range of research activities on multidisciplinary projects. He has expanded his capabilities beyond materials and analytical chemistry to develop expertise and have impacts in diverse fields beyond his chemistry background. He continues to broaden his career in science, engineering, and data related fields to tackle global issues with novel solutions. His ability to work in non-traditional chemistry research fields gives him an advantage to apply unique solutions to complex problems. This diverse background enables him to bring differing scientists together to solve complex challenges globally. He received a bachelors and PhD in chemistry from University of North Florida and Clemson University.
He is the manager of the Materials Preparation Center (MPC) at Ames Laboratory. He has worked at the Ames Laboratory for more than 26 years. His research interests include thermal spray, quasicrystalline and bulk-amorphous alloys, tribological testing, and rapid alloy assessment methods. In addition to his role as the manager of the MPC, he is involved in research efforts under the Critical Materials Institute (rapid assessment and recycling efforts), structures and dynamics of condensed systems, and mesoscale structured materials. He received his master's in materials science and engineering and a bachelor's in ceramic engineering.
His research explores novel approaches for rational fabrication of designed nanoscale architectures through self-assembly. He developed methods for creating crystalline and cluster structures based on a programmable assembly of DNA-encoded, nano-objects. His interests include structural aspects of soft matter at nanoscale and at the interfaces, material transformation under environmental factors, and use of novel designed nanomaterials for optical, biomedical, and energy harvesting applications. He received a doctorate in physics from Bar-Ilal University (Israel) and performed his postdoctoral work at Harvard University.
His research spans battery research, protonic conductors, and fuel cells. He supervises the daily operation of the Battery Manufacturing Facility (BMF) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). His recent work at ORNL focuses on material processing and characterization, roll-to-roll manufacturing, electrode engineering, and cell manufacturing for low-cost, high energy and power density lithium-ion batteries with long calendar life. He developed novel techniques for electrode manufacturing, such as aqueous processing and electron beam curing, to reduce processing cost and environmental effect. He also developed several techniques for quality control to reduce scrape rate in cell manufacturing. He holds a doctorate degree from University of Florida and bachelor’s and master’s degrees from University of Science and Technology of China. All are in materials science and engineering.
Dr. Iver E. Anderson is a senior metallurgist and has worked at Ames Laboratory for 30 years. He has an extensive background in precision atomization of metal and alloy powders, as well as considerable expertise in design of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys and advanced powder processing development, including gas atomization reaction synthesis. Dr. Anderson is a member of the National Inventors Hall of Fame (2017), Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors (2015 class), Fellow of TMS (2015), Fellow of ASM International (and recent Trustee), Fellow of APMI, and Fellow of Alpha Sigma Mu (2014). He has well over 260 publications in journals and conference proceedings, several book chapters, and over 40 patents.
He is a research scientist from Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with extensive experience in the fields of materials electrochemistry as applied to reactive and refractory metals, process metallurgy, synthesis and characterization of high-temperature metals and materials, energy-efficient manufacturing processes, and materials recycling. While working at Bhabha Atomic Research Center, India, he developed an entirely new (molten salt based) process flow-sheet for the production of vanadium metal with a view to fabricate a self-powered beta detector. He also worked on the development of a new high-temperature process for the production of commercial-grade zirconia and silica powders from the indigenously available zircon mineral. His other projects have been aimed at recovering valuable materials from waste, secondary resources, and lean ore bodies. His team could successfully develop a technology for the conversion of Zr-2.5Nb alloy scrap to high purity zirconium crystal bar by van Arkel de Boer process. This technology can be adopted to successfully transform the alloy scrap into high purity zirconium crystal bar, a metal of significant importance to the nuclear energy program. At the University of Cambridge, he worked on the process optimization studies pertaining to the preparation of titanium metal and its alloys by a novel molten salt electrochemical process. He developed a preparative process for titanium-lanthanum alloy from their mixed oxides. At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he worked on a high-temperature electrochemical process to generate oxygen from the lunar regolith. This is one of the two technologies shortlisted by NASA for its eventual deployment to produce breathable oxygen from in situ (lunar) resources. At INL, the scientific underpinning of his research activities has been to study the behavior of metals and materials under a given set of conditions. His diverse research pursuits include materials electrochemistry, energy-efficient manufacturing processes, and materials recycling.
Dr. Emma White’s research is focused on powder metallurgy for energy applications, including high temperature and extreme environment coatings, Li-ion battery anode materials, high energy density permanent magnets and unique metal alloy powders for additive manufacturing. She primarily uses high pressure gas atomization to produce custom metal alloy powders for these energy relevant technologies. Dr. White is an Associate Scientist at the Ames Laboratory and was previously a Postdoctoral Associate under Dr. Iver Anderson. She was a NSF GK-12 Symbi Fellow, and received her PhD and B.S. in Materials Science and Engineering from Iowa State University.