He is well known for his expertise in the field of lithium batteries at Argonne National Laboratory. Since graduating with a doctorate in metallurgical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, he has been with the lab with his early research on safe storage of nuclear waste arising from efforts to recycle spent nuclear fuel (nuclear technology). Since joining the Energy Storage team in 2001, he led the effort to identify performance degradation mechanisms in lithium-ion cells and develop new chemistries that enhance cell performance, life, and safety. His interests range from the discovery and development of electrode and electrolyte materials for sustainable and environmentally friendly batteries to recycling existing lithium-ion cells to recover non-renewable components. He has authored more than 120 articles in peer-reviewed journals spanning various frontier areas of lithium battery research, including crystal structure transformations in layered oxides, silicon electrode development, solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation/dissolution mechanisms, evolution of stress in electrodes during cycling, influence of electrode/particle coatings on cell performance, electrolyte additives development, and electrochemical modeling. He has delivered more than 250 technical presentations in popular, academic, and industrial settings, including more than 90 invited, keynote, and plenary lectures. More importantly, he is a research advisor and mentor to various undergraduate and graduate students and postdoctoral associates. He was awarded the 2015 Pinnacle of Education Award by the University of Chicago for “exceptional work in the supervision of postdoctoral employees and in developing the next generation of scientists and engineers.”
He has wide experience leading national and international advanced fuel development programs, including first-of-a-kind testing of metal fuel with high minor actinide content, high-temperature ceramics for gas-cooled fast reactors, and U-Mo based research reactor fuel. He was instrumental in the startup of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Nuclear Science User Facilities (NSUF) program and served as interim director and scientific program manager. He is currently the director of Characterization and Advanced Post-irradiation Examination at Idaho National Laboratory. In this role, he oversees the development and utilization of new facilities and analysis tools that provide critical information on fuel and material performance to the nuclear energy research community. He has also worked in the areas of characterization of nuclear waste forms, novel routes for fabrication of low-cost silicon carbide fibers, and high-temperature creep and oxidation resistant intermetallic materials.
He is a materials engineer and laboratory fellow at Idaho National Laboratory. He holds a doctorate in metallurgical engineering from Michigan Technological University. He serves as the technical lead for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant High Temperature Alloys Research and Development Program and on the management board as the Metals Working Group chair for the Gen IV International Forum Very High Temperature Reactor Materials Program and on the strategic planning board for Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies Materials Integration. His specialties include the research and development of alloys for use in high-temperature reactors. He recently was the principal investigator and technical lead on Next Generation Nuclear Plant High Temperature Metals Research and Development for the U.S. Department of Energy. He is the author of 65 peer-reviewed articles and 35 conference proceedings, and holds seven U.S. patents.
He received his bachelor's in chemistry from Reed College in 1990, and his doctorate in chemistry from Harvard University in 1996. He specializes in multi-disciplinary problem solving in the physical sciences and their corresponding engineering disciplines. Over his 22-year research and development (R&D) career, he has developed expertise in physical chemistry, chemical kinetics, atmospheric chemistry, instrumentation, electronics (digital, analog, power, and RF), spectroscopic sensing, lasers, fiber optics and wave guides, classical optics, electro-optics, electromagnetics, electromechanical systems, heat transfer, materials science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing processes, and renewable energy technologies.
He has won four R&D 100 Awards, holds numerous patents, has 10 active licenses on his inventions, and given many invited talks on the subject of serial innovation. In 2015, he was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy as its Inaugural SunShot Innovator in Residence. He invented the Radical-Ion Flow Battery under the SunShot Innovator in Residence Program to address the need for low-cost, highly scalable electrochemical grid storage, and the performance limitations of prior art battery chemistries in this demanding application. His current research portfolio is focused on electrochemical grid storage, the elimination of rare-earth magnets in wind turbines, and semiconductor thermal management (power electronics, CPUs, GPUs).
His research focuses on using transmission electron microscopy technique to study the structure-property relationship of the electrode materials for secondary batteries, as well as the interracial coupling of functional oxide compounds, and the metallic nano-materials for catalysis applications. He is an expert of the analytical and in situ-electron microscopy. Since joining Brookhaven National Laboratory in 2008, he has published more than 120 peer-reviewed journal papers. He obtained his doctorate in physics from Nan Jing University, China.
He is a staff scientist at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and a recognized expert in materials characterization and instrumentation. He has a doctorate in materials science and condenser matter physics from the University of California, Davis. His work has spanned global and nationwide collaborations. He has worked at premier nanocharacterization facilities at national laboratories and universities and has expert knowledge of scanning transmission electron microscopy, atom probe tomography and electron loss spectroscopy. His primary research interests lie in the investigation of materials and the origins of their physical properties. He has heavily leveraged the use of multidimensional microscopy, diffraction and artificial intelligence to address delays in data access and extraction, which has led to a new frontier in advanced microscopy. At INL, he continues to focus on the development and application of machine and deep learning in order to decipher and decimate information from images, spectra, and diffraction patterns to maximize the effectiveness, efficiency and utility of advanced microscopy. He is an invited academic faculty member and manager for a diverse group of postdoctoral research scientists, graduate students, and technicians across several national laboratories and universities. He is an author of 45 peer-reviewed publications, a recognized reviewer, and a technical contributing member to energy materials research. He was awarded two patents and has three patents pending, including an innovative approach to computational microscopy using machine learning.
Her research interests focus on investigation of electroactive materials and their mechanisms in energy storage devices. She is a member of National Academy of Engineering and received the National Medal of Technology and Innovation. She was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame, is a Charter Member of the National Academy of Innovation and holds more than 150 patents. She received the E. V Murphree Award and Astellas Award from the American Chemical Society and the Electrochemical Society Battery Division Technology award. She is a fellow of the Electrochemical Society and the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering. She received a bachelor’s degree from the University of Pennsylvania and a doctorate in chemisty at the Ohio State University.
His research explores novel approaches for rational fabrication of designed nanoscale architectures through self-assembly. He developed methods for creating crystalline and cluster structures based on a programmable assembly of DNA-encoded, nano-objects. His interests include structural aspects of soft matter at nanoscale and at the interfaces, material transformation under environmental factors, and use of novel designed nanomaterials for optical, biomedical, and energy harvesting applications. He received a doctorate in physics from Bar-Ilal University (Israel) and performed his postdoctoral work at Harvard University.
She is an optical engineer and a principal member of technical staff in the Advanced Remote Sensing Department at Sandia National Laboratories. She obtained her doctorate in optical science at the University of Arizona in 2011. Her research focuses on developing optical remote sensing techniques, technologies, and exploitation algorithms, primarily for the nuclear nonproliferation mission space. She is a Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) On-Site Inspection Surrogate Inspector Trainee in the third training cycle.
Dr. Lin Zhou received her Materials Science and Engineering Ph. D. in 2006 from Arizona State University, and then worked in the Physics Department as an assistant research scientist till she joined Ames Lab in 2012. Dr. Zhou is currently an associate scientist in Ames Lab and an adjunct faculty of Materials Science and Engineering department at Iowa State University. She also provides scientific oversight on staff/postdocs and instruments in the Sensitive Instrument Facility in Ames Lab. Dr. Zhou’s research focuses on understanding structure-property relationship down to atomic level, as well as exploring mechanism and dynamic of phase transitions, induced by heat/cooling, magnetic field, electric biasing, and mechanical force, using advanced in situ electron-beam related techniques. The materials systems that Dr. Zhou is interested in include magnetic alloys, two-dimensional materials, ferroelectric oxides and semiconductor thin films.
Dr. Wellons is a principle scientist in the National Security Directorate at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). He received his Ph.D. in Chemistry from Vanderbilt University in 2008 and has almost a decade of experience working on safeguards and nonproliferation topics within the USG. His general area of research expertise has primarily been method development in support of nuclear material characterization R&D and analytical operations. This has included development of new microscopy and spectroscopy techniques to characterization uranium materials, research into the chemical stability of actinides materials in the environment, and the development of actinide reference particles for safeguards. He has an extensive background in many experimental techniques and methods, with a focus on microanalytical techniques (various scanning and transmission electron microscopy and diffraction methods, and Raman and IR spectroscopy). He also has extensive experience with field campaign development and execution for the collection of trace materials from the environment. Dr. Wellons has published 20+ journal articles in refereed journals, given multiple invited lectures, and garnered two patents on variety of topics including several material science topics, safeguards technologies, and actinide material characterization method development.
He earned a doctoral degree in photonic devices from the University of Illinois, and has over fifteen years of experience in device design, fabrication and simulation. He is currently in Silicon Photonics, working closely with Sandia’s MESA Fabrication Facility to advance integrated optics and lightwave technologies on-chip. Other research interests include VCSELs, lasers, frequency combs, and RF photonics.