He is the Applied Energy Materials group leader focusing on lithium battery research and development. He leads U.S. Department of Energy and privately funded projects in developing conductive binders and applying lithium metal to improve battery performance. He also serves as a scientific advisor to startup companies and international corporations commercializing new battery technologies. His work has been published in journals, including Advanced Materials, Journal of the American Chemical Society, and Natural Communications. He received national and international awards for his battery technologies, including 2013 and 2015 R&D 100 Awards and a FMC Scientific Achievement Award.
He is well known for his expertise in the field of lithium batteries at Argonne National Laboratory. Since graduating with a doctorate in metallurgical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, he has been with the lab with his early research on safe storage of nuclear waste arising from efforts to recycle spent nuclear fuel (nuclear technology). Since joining the Energy Storage team in 2001, he led the effort to identify performance degradation mechanisms in lithium-ion cells and develop new chemistries that enhance cell performance, life, and safety. His interests range from the discovery and development of electrode and electrolyte materials for sustainable and environmentally friendly batteries to recycling existing lithium-ion cells to recover non-renewable components. He has authored more than 120 articles in peer-reviewed journals spanning various frontier areas of lithium battery research, including crystal structure transformations in layered oxides, silicon electrode development, solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation/dissolution mechanisms, evolution of stress in electrodes during cycling, influence of electrode/particle coatings on cell performance, electrolyte additives development, and electrochemical modeling. He has delivered more than 250 technical presentations in popular, academic, and industrial settings, including more than 90 invited, keynote, and plenary lectures. More importantly, he is a research advisor and mentor to various undergraduate and graduate students and postdoctoral associates. He was awarded the 2015 Pinnacle of Education Award by the University of Chicago for “exceptional work in the supervision of postdoctoral employees and in developing the next generation of scientists and engineers.”
He is a staff scientist and facility director at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Molecular Foundry leading research in thermoelectrics and hydrogen storage. His research focuses on the materials and physics of mass, heat, and charge transport in complex hybrid nanomaterials. His expertise is developing new materials and measurement tools for solid-state energy storage and conversion applications; investigating transport at the organic-inorganic interface; and identifying energy efficient desalination methods.
He has over 30 years of experience in the materials science field. Since joining Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in 1993, his work focused primarily on the development and characterization of electrical ceramic materials and the development of fabrication techniques for devices based on those materials, including solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) and gas separation membranes. At present, his primary responsibility is leadership of PNNL’s SOFC materials development activities. In this role, he directs work in several areas, including cathode and anode materials, alloy interconnect materials, protective coatings for alloy interconnects, contact and sealing materials for SOFC stacks, and cost-effective cell fabrication techniques.
He is currently a senior chemist and group leader at Argonne National Laboratory specializing in the testing and post-test analysis of cells and complete battery systems with over 34 years of experience. He is known worldwide for his work in battery testing and life modeling. He has a bachelor’s in chemistry from Brown University and a doctorate in inorganic chemistry from University of Chicago. He is active in the battery materials and testing fields and has more than 120 publications and eight patents. He received an IR-100 Award in 1987 for a micro-membrane sensor to measure sodium-ion concentrations at elevated temperature. He participated in the creation of international recommended practices (one step before a standard) in battery testing. His work in battery life estimation led to the creation of software, which became the recognized standard for life estimation for battery development projects funded by U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium and the U.S. Department of Energy. In 2011, he established the post-test facility for the elucidation of the physical and chemical changes that cause battery performance decline.
His experience at Idaho National Laboratory involves research, development, and engineering of processes and equipment, as well as managing projects and personnel in the treatment of various materials of interest for the U.S. Department of Energy, which includes spent nuclear fuel and associated high-level, transuranic and low-level wastes. The activities have primarily involved pyrochemical and electrochemical techniques and processes to separate and recover actinides from spent nuclear fuel, while directing fission and activation products into appropriate waste forms for disposal. He has a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering from Brigham Young University and a master’s from Idaho State University. He is a professional engineer in chemical and nuclear engineering.
He is a laboratory fellow in the Energy Processes and Materials Division at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). He is the principal investigator on PNNL's efforts on Energy Storage for Transportation supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office and PNNL's Transformation Materials Science Initiative. He has 24 years of experience in the development of energy storage devices, including lithium-ion batteries; thin-film, solid-state batteries; Li-S batteries; lithium-air batteries; and electrochromic devices. Prior to joining PNNL in June 2007, he served for 7 years as chief technology officer of Excellatron Solid State LLC in Atlanta, Georgia. His responsibilities at Excellatron included strategic planning, identification of research and development direction, review of all internal programs, funding allocation for internal programs, and oversight of all subcontractor programs. He was also responsible for day-to-day performance of the technical team for development of thin-film lithium batteries and other energy related products. From 1998 to 2000, he served as the director of Product Development at Macro Energy-Tech, Inc. in Redondo Beach, California, where he was responsible for setting up a pilot line for production of polymer lithium-ion batteries. Prior to that, from 1990 to 1998, he was a postdoctoral fellow/staff scientist/senior scientist at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory where he managed several lithium-ion-battery related projects. He holds 17 patents (with another 19 patents pending) and has more than 200 papers published in professional journals.
David Bock is an Assistant Scientist in the Energy Sciences Directorate at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). He first joined BNL as a postdoctoral research associate in 2015 after graduating from Stony Brook University. His main research interests are in energy storage applications, including development of primary lithium batteries as well as Lithium-ion technology. Much of his research focuses on using X-ray characterization techniques, including X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray diffraction, to provide mechanistic insight into electrochemical behavior.
Her research interests focus on investigation of electroactive materials and their mechanisms in energy storage devices. She is a member of National Academy of Engineering and received the National Medal of Technology and Innovation. She was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame, is a Charter Member of the National Academy of Innovation and holds more than 150 patents. She received the E. V Murphree Award and Astellas Award from the American Chemical Society and the Electrochemical Society Battery Division Technology award. She is a fellow of the Electrochemical Society and the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering. She received a bachelor’s degree from the University of Pennsylvania and a doctorate in chemisty at the Ohio State University.
He joined Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in January 2001 and is currently technical group manager for the Electrochemical Materials and Systems Group. This group is focused on the development of electrochemical materials and systems for advanced energy storage and conversion applications. He is also currently project manager for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Electricity Energy Storage Program at PNNL. This project is focused on the development of electrochemical energy storage technologies to enable renewable integration and to improve grid support. He previously led development efforts in solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology and planar Na batteries. Prior to PNNL, he was a senior ceramic engineer at Litton Life Support and was responsible for the development of prototype advanced electrochemical oxygen generating system. He currently holds 16 U.S. patents on fuel cells, batteries, and high temperature electrochemical devices with 22 pending patent applications. While at PNNL, he was recognized as key contributor on four licensing activities, received a 2009 Federal Laboratory Consortium award for Technology Transfer of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology to Delphi Corporation and was named PNNL Inventor of the Year in 2015.
He is a research scientist from Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with extensive experience in the fields of materials electrochemistry as applied to reactive and refractory metals, process metallurgy, synthesis and characterization of high-temperature metals and materials, energy-efficient manufacturing processes, and materials recycling. While working at Bhabha Atomic Research Center, India, he developed an entirely new (molten salt based) process flow-sheet for the production of vanadium metal with a view to fabricate a self-powered beta detector. He also worked on the development of a new high-temperature process for the production of commercial-grade zirconia and silica powders from the indigenously available zircon mineral. His other projects have been aimed at recovering valuable materials from waste, secondary resources, and lean ore bodies. His team could successfully develop a technology for the conversion of Zr-2.5Nb alloy scrap to high purity zirconium crystal bar by van Arkel de Boer process. This technology can be adopted to successfully transform the alloy scrap into high purity zirconium crystal bar, a metal of significant importance to the nuclear energy program. At the University of Cambridge, he worked on the process optimization studies pertaining to the preparation of titanium metal and its alloys by a novel molten salt electrochemical process. He developed a preparative process for titanium-lanthanum alloy from their mixed oxides. At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he worked on a high-temperature electrochemical process to generate oxygen from the lunar regolith. This is one of the two technologies shortlisted by NASA for its eventual deployment to produce breathable oxygen from in situ (lunar) resources. At INL, the scientific underpinning of his research activities has been to study the behavior of metals and materials under a given set of conditions. His diverse research pursuits include materials electrochemistry, energy-efficient manufacturing processes, and materials recycling.
Dr. Brenda L. Garcia-Diaz is the manager of the Energy Materials Group in SRNL. She has a PhD in Chemical Engineering from the University of South Carolina with a specialization in electrochemical engineering. She has developed Nb-doped TiO2 electrocatalysts and developed models to better understand DMFC operation. Dr. Garcia-Diaz helped develop electrochemical synthesis methods for aluminum hydride. She has worked on novel electrochemical methods for nuclear fuel processing including the development of an electrochemical fluorination method for processing used nuclear fuel, direct LiT electrolysis for tritium recovery in fusion applications, and reduction of oxide nuclear fuels utilizing a solid oxide conducting anode. Dr. Garcia-Diaz is the principal investigator on a DOE SunShot program to investigate and mitigate corrosion in high temperature molten salt heat transfer systems for concentrating solar power (CSP) applications. She is the molten salt corrosion consultant to NREL for the development of a Gen 3 CSP system. Dr. Garcia-Diaz has also led research on the development of MAX phase coatings for accident tolerant nuclear fuel. She has led collaborations with multiple industrial partners, universities, and national laboratories.
Dr. Garcia-Diaz was awarded the ASM International Silver Award, the South Carolina Governor’s Young Researcher award, and the SRNL Early Career Award. In 2018, her project on electrochemical fluorination also won the inaugural SRNL award for LDRD return on investment. Dr. Garcia-Diaz serves as a Board Member for the American Institute of Chemical Engineers RAPID program for process intensification. She is an adjunct faculty member at the University of South Carolina in the Chemical Engineering Department. Dr. Garcia-Diaz is a member of the Hanford Tank Integrity Expert Panel.