His research program explores the use of nanostructured material architectures for solar energy conversion. From 1996 to 2006, he was a research staff member at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York investigating using polymer self-assembly for fabrication of high-performance semiconductor electronics. During his career, he has also performed experimental research in low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy, single-electron tunneling devices, superconductivity in metal nanoparticles, nanocrystal-based electronic devices, and ferroelectric non-volatile memories. He earned his doctorate in physics from Harvard University and bachelor’s in physics and mathematics from Vanderbilt University. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, a member of the Board of Directors of the Materials Research Society, and a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
He is a staff scientist in inorganic nanomaterials at the Molecular Foundry, a DOE national user facility for nanomaterials fabrication and research located at Berkeley Lab. He specializes in approaches to blend organic and inorganic components into a hybrid system for greater structural variety in specialized materials. He earned his Ph.D. in Chemistry from Stanford University and his B.S. in Chemistry from Butler University.
He is well known for his expertise in the field of lithium batteries at Argonne National Laboratory. Since graduating with a doctorate in metallurgical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, he has been with the lab with his early research on safe storage of nuclear waste arising from efforts to recycle spent nuclear fuel (nuclear technology). Since joining the Energy Storage team in 2001, he led the effort to identify performance degradation mechanisms in lithium-ion cells and develop new chemistries that enhance cell performance, life, and safety. His interests range from the discovery and development of electrode and electrolyte materials for sustainable and environmentally friendly batteries to recycling existing lithium-ion cells to recover non-renewable components. He has authored more than 120 articles in peer-reviewed journals spanning various frontier areas of lithium battery research, including crystal structure transformations in layered oxides, silicon electrode development, solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation/dissolution mechanisms, evolution of stress in electrodes during cycling, influence of electrode/particle coatings on cell performance, electrolyte additives development, and electrochemical modeling. He has delivered more than 250 technical presentations in popular, academic, and industrial settings, including more than 90 invited, keynote, and plenary lectures. More importantly, he is a research advisor and mentor to various undergraduate and graduate students and postdoctoral associates. He was awarded the 2015 Pinnacle of Education Award by the University of Chicago for “exceptional work in the supervision of postdoctoral employees and in developing the next generation of scientists and engineers.”
He is a distinguished staff scientist/engineer at Idaho National Laboratory with dual responsibility as the Gateway for Accelerated Innovation in Nuclear (GAIN) technical interface and as the industry program lead for the Nuclear Science User Facilities (NSUF). In these capacities, he works closely with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy and the nuclear industry to ensure DOE facilities are used effectively to maintain the current reactor fleet and to enable innovation. He has nearly 20 years of experience in the areas of mechanical testing and fracture mechanics and over 3 years of experience in extreme environment materials characterization and drilling mechanics at the ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company in Houston, Texas. He has a doctorate (2001) and master’s (1998) degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of Washington, and a bachelor’s in mechanical engineering technology (1995) from Central Washington University.
She is the manager of the Department of Human Factors, Controls, and Statistics at Idaho National Laboratory (INL). She graduated from Montana State University with a doctorate in mathematics with an emphasis in numerical analysis, followed by a postdoctoral fellowship in industrial mathematics at the Center for Research in Scientific Computation at North Carolina State University. Prior to joining INL in 2010, she worked for Sentient Corporation and served as a principal investigator for several Small Business Innovation Research projects in the area of prognostic health management. She has extensive experience in data processing and analysis using the SAS programming environment and MATLAB, and served as the technical lead for the Nuclear Data Management and Analysis System from 2014 to 2017. She has also provided analytical support as needed for a variety of projects at INL, including high-temperature materials characterization and fuel performance.
He is a research scientist in Idaho National Laboratory’s Nuclear Fuels and Materials Division and a laboratory fellow. He has a doctorate in metallurgy and materials science from Case Western Reserve University in 1977. Formerly deputy division director for the Nuclear Technology Division and senior scientist with Argonne National Laboratory, he managed a fuel development effort for the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) Program from 1991 to 1994. He participated and managed the groups that developed, fabricated, and set performance limits for driver and blanket fuels for the Experimental Breeder Reactor-II. He now works on several fuel development programs and has extensive experience with development and performance of many nuclear fuel types, including the performance of various structural/fuel cladding materials in a reactor environment. With over 40 years of experience in studying the effects of radiation on materials and fast reactor fuel development, he has more than 90 external and peer-reviewed publications and 1,500 citations.
He has wide experience leading national and international advanced fuel development programs, including first-of-a-kind testing of metal fuel with high minor actinide content, high-temperature ceramics for gas-cooled fast reactors, and U-Mo based research reactor fuel. He was instrumental in the startup of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Nuclear Science User Facilities (NSUF) program and served as interim director and scientific program manager. He is currently the director of Characterization and Advanced Post-irradiation Examination at Idaho National Laboratory. In this role, he oversees the development and utilization of new facilities and analysis tools that provide critical information on fuel and material performance to the nuclear energy research community. He has also worked in the areas of characterization of nuclear waste forms, novel routes for fabrication of low-cost silicon carbide fibers, and high-temperature creep and oxidation resistant intermetallic materials.
He is a research and development engineer in the Experiment Analysis Group of Nuclear Science and Technology at Idaho National Laboratory. In his present position, he leads in-pile instrumentation development for transient irradiation testing and is a principal investigator for transient testing of metallic fuels. He is an experiment safety and performance analyst for experiments at the Advanced Test Reactor and the Transient Reactor Test Facility. In addition, he is a technical lead for measurement of thermophysical properties of nuclear materials. He has expertise in energy transport in condensed matter, liquids, gases, and material interfaces. He has significant experience in advanced measurements of thermophysical properties of nuclear materials using multi-scaled approaches, including nano-scale measurements using atomic force microscopy, laser-based microscopic photothermal methods, and bench-scale high temperature thermal conductivity techniques. He also has expertise in numerical and commercial finite element analysis. He holds bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Utah State University and a joint doctorate from Utah State University and Universite de Reims Champagne-Ardenne. He is a member of American Nuclear Society (ANS) and American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He was the founding president of the ANS Student Chapter at Utah State University and currently serves as an Executive Committee member for the Material Science and Technology Division of ANS.
He is a materials engineer and laboratory fellow at Idaho National Laboratory. He holds a doctorate in metallurgical engineering from Michigan Technological University. He serves as the technical lead for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant High Temperature Alloys Research and Development Program and on the management board as the Metals Working Group chair for the Gen IV International Forum Very High Temperature Reactor Materials Program and on the strategic planning board for Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies Materials Integration. His specialties include the research and development of alloys for use in high-temperature reactors. He recently was the principal investigator and technical lead on Next Generation Nuclear Plant High Temperature Metals Research and Development for the U.S. Department of Energy. He is the author of 65 peer-reviewed articles and 35 conference proceedings, and holds seven U.S. patents.
He received his bachelor's in chemistry from Reed College in 1990, and his doctorate in chemistry from Harvard University in 1996. He specializes in multi-disciplinary problem solving in the physical sciences and their corresponding engineering disciplines. Over his 22-year research and development (R&D) career, he has developed expertise in physical chemistry, chemical kinetics, atmospheric chemistry, instrumentation, electronics (digital, analog, power, and RF), spectroscopic sensing, lasers, fiber optics and wave guides, classical optics, electro-optics, electromagnetics, electromechanical systems, heat transfer, materials science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing processes, and renewable energy technologies.
He has won four R&D 100 Awards, holds numerous patents, has 10 active licenses on his inventions, and given many invited talks on the subject of serial innovation. In 2015, he was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy as its Inaugural SunShot Innovator in Residence. He invented the Radical-Ion Flow Battery under the SunShot Innovator in Residence Program to address the need for low-cost, highly scalable electrochemical grid storage, and the performance limitations of prior art battery chemistries in this demanding application. His current research portfolio is focused on electrochemical grid storage, the elimination of rare-earth magnets in wind turbines, and semiconductor thermal management (power electronics, CPUs, GPUs).
He is a distinguished scientist at Idaho National Laboratory in areas of processing, characterization, and analysis of novel material systems for both nuclear and non-nuclear applications, including materials for use in high-temperature, space, irradiation, and other extreme environments. He is the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) technical lead for the DOE Advanced Reactor Technology Graphite Research and Development program, responsible for thermo-mechanical testing of nonirradiated and irradiated graphite and composites, development of test standards and code case development for determining material properties of nuclear graphite and composites. He holds a doctorate in materials science and engineering from University of Idaho, a master’s degree in nuclear engineering from University of Illinois, and a bachelor’s degree in nuclear engineering from University of California at Santa Barbara.
He is currently a senior chemist and group leader at Argonne National Laboratory specializing in the testing and post-test analysis of cells and complete battery systems with over 34 years of experience. He is known worldwide for his work in battery testing and life modeling. He has a bachelor’s in chemistry from Brown University and a doctorate in inorganic chemistry from University of Chicago. He is active in the battery materials and testing fields and has more than 120 publications and eight patents. He received an IR-100 Award in 1987 for a micro-membrane sensor to measure sodium-ion concentrations at elevated temperature. He participated in the creation of international recommended practices (one step before a standard) in battery testing. His work in battery life estimation led to the creation of software, which became the recognized standard for life estimation for battery development projects funded by U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium and the U.S. Department of Energy. In 2011, he established the post-test facility for the elucidation of the physical and chemical changes that cause battery performance decline.