His research program explores the use of nanostructured material architectures for solar energy conversion. From 1996 to 2006, he was a research staff member at the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York investigating using polymer self-assembly for fabrication of high-performance semiconductor electronics. During his career, he has also performed experimental research in low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy, single-electron tunneling devices, superconductivity in metal nanoparticles, nanocrystal-based electronic devices, and ferroelectric non-volatile memories. He earned his doctorate in physics from Harvard University and bachelor’s in physics and mathematics from Vanderbilt University. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, a member of the Board of Directors of the Materials Research Society, and a senior member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
He received his bachelor's in chemistry from Reed College in 1990, and his doctorate in chemistry from Harvard University in 1996. He specializes in multi-disciplinary problem solving in the physical sciences and their corresponding engineering disciplines. Over his 22-year research and development (R&D) career, he has developed expertise in physical chemistry, chemical kinetics, atmospheric chemistry, instrumentation, electronics (digital, analog, power, and RF), spectroscopic sensing, lasers, fiber optics and wave guides, classical optics, electro-optics, electromagnetics, electromechanical systems, heat transfer, materials science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing processes, and renewable energy technologies.
He has won four R&D 100 Awards, holds numerous patents, has 10 active licenses on his inventions, and given many invited talks on the subject of serial innovation. In 2015, he was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy as its Inaugural SunShot Innovator in Residence. He invented the Radical-Ion Flow Battery under the SunShot Innovator in Residence Program to address the need for low-cost, highly scalable electrochemical grid storage, and the performance limitations of prior art battery chemistries in this demanding application. His current research portfolio is focused on electrochemical grid storage, the elimination of rare-earth magnets in wind turbines, and semiconductor thermal management (power electronics, CPUs, GPUs).
As the Chemical Sciences Division director of Strategic Initiatives and Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) deputy director, she leads technical research and development program design and management, both foundational and applied, in semiconductor and energy science and technology arenas. She is broadly experienced in characterization of complex materials systems using solid state and gas phase methods and modeling of materials transformations, as well as process innovation, development, and root cause analysis, particularly for nanoscale modifications. Prior to joining Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, she managed materials development for the startup InVisage Technologies and handled materials research, business planning, and research alliances at IBM’s Almaden Research Center.
During his career, he has been engaged in a range of research activities on multidisciplinary projects. He has expanded his capabilities beyond materials and analytical chemistry to develop expertise and have impacts in diverse fields beyond his chemistry background. He continues to broaden his career in science, engineering, and data related fields to tackle global issues with novel solutions. His ability to work in non-traditional chemistry research fields gives him an advantage to apply unique solutions to complex problems. This diverse background enables him to bring differing scientists together to solve complex challenges globally. He received a bachelors and PhD in chemistry from University of North Florida and Clemson University.
He is a staff scientist at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and a recognized expert in materials characterization and instrumentation. He has a doctorate in materials science and condenser matter physics from the University of California, Davis. His work has spanned global and nationwide collaborations. He has worked at premier nanocharacterization facilities at national laboratories and universities and has expert knowledge of scanning transmission electron microscopy, atom probe tomography and electron loss spectroscopy. His primary research interests lie in the investigation of materials and the origins of their physical properties. He has heavily leveraged the use of multidimensional microscopy, diffraction and artificial intelligence to address delays in data access and extraction, which has led to a new frontier in advanced microscopy. At INL, he continues to focus on the development and application of machine and deep learning in order to decipher and decimate information from images, spectra, and diffraction patterns to maximize the effectiveness, efficiency and utility of advanced microscopy. He is an invited academic faculty member and manager for a diverse group of postdoctoral research scientists, graduate students, and technicians across several national laboratories and universities. He is an author of 45 peer-reviewed publications, a recognized reviewer, and a technical contributing member to energy materials research. He was awarded two patents and has three patents pending, including an innovative approach to computational microscopy using machine learning.
His research revolves around the study of solid surfaces with focus in experimental model systems for heterogeneous catalysts. Specifically, he pioneered the development of surface science models for zeolites, the most used catalysts in the industry, while working at the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max-Planck Society in Berlin, Germany. His current research at the Center for Functional Nanomaterials focuses on experimental models for zeolites and other catalysts aiming at elucidating the reaction mechanisms for catalytic processes of importance for energy transformations. At Brookhaven National Laboratory, he is in charge of the Ambient Pressure Photoelectron Spectroscopy endstation, in partnership with the National Synchrotron Light Source II. He received his bachelor’s in chemistry from University of San Luis, Argentina, and doctorate in chemistry from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, followed by postdoctoral research at the Fritz-Haber Institute of the Max-Planck Society under the auspices of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.
His research explores novel approaches for rational fabrication of designed nanoscale architectures through self-assembly. He developed methods for creating crystalline and cluster structures based on a programmable assembly of DNA-encoded, nano-objects. His interests include structural aspects of soft matter at nanoscale and at the interfaces, material transformation under environmental factors, and use of novel designed nanomaterials for optical, biomedical, and energy harvesting applications. He received a doctorate in physics from Bar-Ilal University (Israel) and performed his postdoctoral work at Harvard University.
He is a research scientist from Idaho National Laboratory (INL) with extensive experience in the fields of materials electrochemistry as applied to reactive and refractory metals, process metallurgy, synthesis and characterization of high-temperature metals and materials, energy-efficient manufacturing processes, and materials recycling. While working at Bhabha Atomic Research Center, India, he developed an entirely new (molten salt based) process flow-sheet for the production of vanadium metal with a view to fabricate a self-powered beta detector. He also worked on the development of a new high-temperature process for the production of commercial-grade zirconia and silica powders from the indigenously available zircon mineral. His other projects have been aimed at recovering valuable materials from waste, secondary resources, and lean ore bodies. His team could successfully develop a technology for the conversion of Zr-2.5Nb alloy scrap to high purity zirconium crystal bar by van Arkel de Boer process. This technology can be adopted to successfully transform the alloy scrap into high purity zirconium crystal bar, a metal of significant importance to the nuclear energy program. At the University of Cambridge, he worked on the process optimization studies pertaining to the preparation of titanium metal and its alloys by a novel molten salt electrochemical process. He developed a preparative process for titanium-lanthanum alloy from their mixed oxides. At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he worked on a high-temperature electrochemical process to generate oxygen from the lunar regolith. This is one of the two technologies shortlisted by NASA for its eventual deployment to produce breathable oxygen from in situ (lunar) resources. At INL, the scientific underpinning of his research activities has been to study the behavior of metals and materials under a given set of conditions. His diverse research pursuits include materials electrochemistry, energy-efficient manufacturing processes, and materials recycling.
Dr. Lin Zhou received her Materials Science and Engineering Ph. D. in 2006 from Arizona State University, and then worked in the Physics Department as an assistant research scientist till she joined Ames Lab in 2012. Dr. Zhou is currently an associate scientist in Ames Lab and an adjunct faculty of Materials Science and Engineering department at Iowa State University. She also provides scientific oversight on staff/postdocs and instruments in the Sensitive Instrument Facility in Ames Lab. Dr. Zhou’s research focuses on understanding structure-property relationship down to atomic level, as well as exploring mechanism and dynamic of phase transitions, induced by heat/cooling, magnetic field, electric biasing, and mechanical force, using advanced in situ electron-beam related techniques. The materials systems that Dr. Zhou is interested in include magnetic alloys, two-dimensional materials, ferroelectric oxides and semiconductor thin films.
After graduating from the University of Florida in 2004 with a Bachelor’s degree in chemistry, Dr. Aaron L. Washington, II completed his PhD in Inorganic Chemistry with specialization in material science. As of April 2009, Dr. Washington joined the Advanced Characterization and Processing (ACP) group at SRNL and is currently a principal scientist and former manager in the same group. He is currently involved with material development for multiple applications including radiological sensors, nuclear waste storage, additive manufacturing for nuclear material disposal, nuclear Deactivation & Decommissioning (D&D), organic based nuclear sensors, and nuclear waste treatment strategies. Additionally, he recently led a group with 3 post-doctoral researchers (3 former postdocs are now full time), 7 peer PhD scientists, a bachelor’s scientist, 3 managers, and 2-4 interns in interdisciplinary research and program development. Dr. Washington has more than 20+ peer reviewed manuscripts, 30+ technical reports, and more than 15 presentations at national conferences and meetings. Dr. Washington also has 4 patents issued and 7 additional patents currently in process. Dr. Washington was a 2014 recipient of the Laboratory Director’s Award for Early Career Exceptional Achievement and the 2016 Laboratory Director’s Award for Exceptional Achievement. Dr. Washington has also recently received his Project Management Professional (PMP) certification as of July 2017.
Dr. Washington currently serves on multiple committees both at SRNL and in the Aiken community. These include the Conduct of R&D safety council, Diversity Board of Directors for SRNS, and the former Board of Directors Chairman and current member for Habitat for Humanity. He is an also an Adjunct Professor at USC Aiken in the chemistry department.
He earned a doctoral degree in photonic devices from the University of Illinois, and has over fifteen years of experience in device design, fabrication and simulation. He is currently in Silicon Photonics, working closely with Sandia’s MESA Fabrication Facility to advance integrated optics and lightwave technologies on-chip. Other research interests include VCSELs, lasers, frequency combs, and RF photonics.
He is the facility director for Nanofabrication at the Molecular Foundry, a DOE national user facility for nanomaterials fabrication and research located at Berkeley Lab. He applies his experience in nanophotonics and plasmonics fabrication and characterization to the development of new lithographic tools and processes. He collaborates with industry partners and fellow researchers to advance nanofabrication, thin film deposition, and electron beam lithography technologies, among others.
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