He is well known for his expertise in the field of lithium batteries at Argonne National Laboratory. Since graduating with a doctorate in metallurgical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, he has been with the lab with his early research on safe storage of nuclear waste arising from efforts to recycle spent nuclear fuel (nuclear technology). Since joining the Energy Storage team in 2001, he led the effort to identify performance degradation mechanisms in lithium-ion cells and develop new chemistries that enhance cell performance, life, and safety. His interests range from the discovery and development of electrode and electrolyte materials for sustainable and environmentally friendly batteries to recycling existing lithium-ion cells to recover non-renewable components. He has authored more than 120 articles in peer-reviewed journals spanning various frontier areas of lithium battery research, including crystal structure transformations in layered oxides, silicon electrode development, solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation/dissolution mechanisms, evolution of stress in electrodes during cycling, influence of electrode/particle coatings on cell performance, electrolyte additives development, and electrochemical modeling. He has delivered more than 250 technical presentations in popular, academic, and industrial settings, including more than 90 invited, keynote, and plenary lectures. More importantly, he is a research advisor and mentor to various undergraduate and graduate students and postdoctoral associates. He was awarded the 2015 Pinnacle of Education Award by the University of Chicago for “exceptional work in the supervision of postdoctoral employees and in developing the next generation of scientists and engineers.”
He is the Applied Energy Materials group leader focusing on lithium battery research and development. He leads U.S. Department of Energy and privately funded projects in developing conductive binders and applying lithium metal to improve battery performance. He also serves as a scientific advisor to startup companies and international corporations commercializing new battery technologies. His work has been published in journals, including Advanced Materials, Journal of the American Chemical Society, and Natural Communications. He received national and international awards for his battery technologies, including 2013 and 2015 R&D 100 Awards and a FMC Scientific Achievement Award.
He is a research and development engineer in the Experiment Analysis Group of Nuclear Science and Technology at Idaho National Laboratory. In his present position, he leads in-pile instrumentation development for transient irradiation testing and is a principal investigator for transient testing of metallic fuels. He is an experiment safety and performance analyst for experiments at the Advanced Test Reactor and the Transient Reactor Test Facility. In addition, he is a technical lead for measurement of thermophysical properties of nuclear materials. He has expertise in energy transport in condensed matter, liquids, gases, and material interfaces. He has significant experience in advanced measurements of thermophysical properties of nuclear materials using multi-scaled approaches, including nano-scale measurements using atomic force microscopy, laser-based microscopic photothermal methods, and bench-scale high temperature thermal conductivity techniques. He also has expertise in numerical and commercial finite element analysis. He holds bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Utah State University and a joint doctorate from Utah State University and Universite de Reims Champagne-Ardenne. He is a member of American Nuclear Society (ANS) and American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He was the founding president of the ANS Student Chapter at Utah State University and currently serves as an Executive Committee member for the Material Science and Technology Division of ANS.
He has been a Scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory since 1999, starting as a post-doctoral researcher in 1994. Rod is the Los Alamos Program Manager for the Fuel Cell and Vehicle Technologies Programs. He has worked on fuel cells for transportation at both Los Alamos and General Motors. He has 13 U.S. patents, authored over 100 papers related to fuel cell technology with over 8300 citations and an H-factor of 34. He has led projects on hydrogen production, water transport and PEM fuel cell durability. He was the Principal Investigator for the 2004 Fuel Cell Seminar Best Poster Award, was awarded the 2005 DOE Hydrogen Program R&D Award for his team's work in fuel cell durability, received the U.S. Drive 2012 Tech Team Award for the Fuel Cell Technical Team, was recently selected as the 2014 winner of the Research Award of the Energy Technology Division of the Electrochemical Society and PI for the 2015 Fuel Cell Seminar Best Poster Award. He received a 2016 DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Annual Merit Award for Fuel Cells. He is a member of the DOE/US Drive Fuel Cell Technical Team, and is co-chair of the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office Durability Working Group and Director for the multi-lab consortium for Fuel Cell Performance and Durability (FC-PAD). As PI/co-PI, he has directed over $50M of funding at Los Alamos.
He received his bachelor's in chemistry from Reed College in 1990, and his doctorate in chemistry from Harvard University in 1996. He specializes in multi-disciplinary problem solving in the physical sciences and their corresponding engineering disciplines. Over his 22-year research and development (R&D) career, he has developed expertise in physical chemistry, chemical kinetics, atmospheric chemistry, instrumentation, electronics (digital, analog, power, and RF), spectroscopic sensing, lasers, fiber optics and wave guides, classical optics, electro-optics, electromagnetics, electromechanical systems, heat transfer, materials science, mechanical engineering, manufacturing processes, and renewable energy technologies.
He has won four R&D 100 Awards, holds numerous patents, has 10 active licenses on his inventions, and given many invited talks on the subject of serial innovation. In 2015, he was selected by the U.S. Department of Energy as its Inaugural SunShot Innovator in Residence. He invented the Radical-Ion Flow Battery under the SunShot Innovator in Residence Program to address the need for low-cost, highly scalable electrochemical grid storage, and the performance limitations of prior art battery chemistries in this demanding application. His current research portfolio is focused on electrochemical grid storage, the elimination of rare-earth magnets in wind turbines, and semiconductor thermal management (power electronics, CPUs, GPUs).
He is a staff scientist and facility director at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Molecular Foundry leading research in thermoelectrics and hydrogen storage. His research focuses on the materials and physics of mass, heat, and charge transport in complex hybrid nanomaterials. His expertise is developing new materials and measurement tools for solid-state energy storage and conversion applications; investigating transport at the organic-inorganic interface; and identifying energy efficient desalination methods.
His research group and he have developed novel in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy technique to study cathode and anode materials for batteries using synchrotron radiation. Through publications and presentations, the outstanding results obtained by the group have attracted great attention from both academic and industry communities. His collaborators include the Osaka National Research Institute and Fuji Chemical Co. in Japan, the University Bordeaux in France, the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland, Argonne National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, General Motors, and Dow Chemical Inc. He received a doctorate in physics from University of Florida.
He has over 20 years of experience at Argonne National Laboratory in research and development of advanced battery systems for transportation applications that include hybrid electric vehicles (HEV), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), and electric vehicles (EV). These battery systems were predominantly lithium-based and include lithium-alloy/iron disulfide (molten salt), lithium polymer, and lithium-ion. He has extensive hands-on experience in the various processes and equipment needed for a successful lithium battery research facility. He is the leader of the Cell Analysis, Modeling, and Prototyping (CAMP) Facility at Argonne, which is a multi-disciplined team with semi-automated electrode and cell making equipment centered on the advancement of novel high-energy cell systems for transportation applications. He holds a doctorate in chemical engineering from the University of Florida and has over 44 publications, including two book chapters, several technical reports, three patents awarded, and three patent applications filed.
He is currently a senior chemist and group leader at Argonne National Laboratory specializing in the testing and post-test analysis of cells and complete battery systems with over 34 years of experience. He is known worldwide for his work in battery testing and life modeling. He has a bachelor’s in chemistry from Brown University and a doctorate in inorganic chemistry from University of Chicago. He is active in the battery materials and testing fields and has more than 120 publications and eight patents. He received an IR-100 Award in 1987 for a micro-membrane sensor to measure sodium-ion concentrations at elevated temperature. He participated in the creation of international recommended practices (one step before a standard) in battery testing. His work in battery life estimation led to the creation of software, which became the recognized standard for life estimation for battery development projects funded by U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium and the U.S. Department of Energy. In 2011, he established the post-test facility for the elucidation of the physical and chemical changes that cause battery performance decline.
He is a chemist and group leader of the Advanced Electrolyte Research Group within the Electrochemical Energy Storage theme at Argonne National Laboratory. He has more than 20 years of organic/polymer chemistry research experience in the battery area. After receiving his doctorate in 2000, he joined Professor Robert West’s group at the University of Wisconsin-Madison as a research associate then a research scientist developing a portfolio of siloxane-based advanced electrolyte technologies for lithium-ion batteries for medical applications. At Quallion, LLC (now EnerSys), he led research and development (R&D) activities regarding a high energy density lithium-ion battery project and a solid polymer electrolyte for lithium monofluoride cells. In 2007, he joined Argonne setting up electrolyte synthesis labs and building a team comprising scientists with strong organic chemistry backgrounds focusing on advanced electrolyte research for lithium-ion chemistries and beyond, including high-voltage electrolytes, functional electrolyte additives, polymer binders, fluorinated ether electrolytes for lithium sulfur batteries, organic catholytes and anolytes for non-aqueous redox flow batteries, and non-Grignard magnesium-ion electrolytes. He won three R&D 100 Awards for advanced silicon-based electrolytes, redox shuttle additives for overcharge protection and a fluorinated electrolyte for 5-V lithium-ion chemistries. He published more than 120 publications in peer-reviewed journals and filed more than 50 patents/applications in the field of electrochemical energy storage.
He is currently a senior chemist and group leader at Argonne National Laboratory specializing in the research and development of battery materials and systems with over 25 years of experience. He is known worldwide for his development of state-of-art lithium-ion battery cathode materials. He has a bachelor’s in chemistry from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and a doctorate in chemistry from Northwestern University. He is active in the lithium battery materials field publishing over 110 publications and 25 patents in the battery field issued. He has given over 30 invited international lectures and university seminars over his career. Notably, he concentrated on leading cathode projects while at Argonne and has managed several U.S. Department of Energy, Air Force Research Laboratory contracts, and work-for-other programs. He is the chair for the Battery Division of The Electrochemical Society (ECS) and active in organizing battery subject symposia at biannual ECS meetings. In 2017, he was elected a fellow of ECS. He is currently the International Battery Materials Association (IBA) vice-president and a member of the Society for Electroanalytical Chemistry and The Electrochemical Society-Battery Division since 1993. He received research awards from IBA in 2006 and a R&D 100 award for the commercialization of lithium battery materials in 2009. Presently, he is working on Na-ion batteries as a new platform for energy storage in stationary applications that support renewables, and light battery nexus field.
He is a laboratory fellow in the Energy Processes and Materials Division at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). He is the principal investigator on PNNL's efforts on Energy Storage for Transportation supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Vehicle Technologies Office and PNNL's Transformation Materials Science Initiative. He has 24 years of experience in the development of energy storage devices, including lithium-ion batteries; thin-film, solid-state batteries; Li-S batteries; lithium-air batteries; and electrochromic devices. Prior to joining PNNL in June 2007, he served for 7 years as chief technology officer of Excellatron Solid State LLC in Atlanta, Georgia. His responsibilities at Excellatron included strategic planning, identification of research and development direction, review of all internal programs, funding allocation for internal programs, and oversight of all subcontractor programs. He was also responsible for day-to-day performance of the technical team for development of thin-film lithium batteries and other energy related products. From 1998 to 2000, he served as the director of Product Development at Macro Energy-Tech, Inc. in Redondo Beach, California, where he was responsible for setting up a pilot line for production of polymer lithium-ion batteries. Prior to that, from 1990 to 1998, he was a postdoctoral fellow/staff scientist/senior scientist at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory where he managed several lithium-ion-battery related projects. He holds 17 patents (with another 19 patents pending) and has more than 200 papers published in professional journals.
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